BHAGYA LAKSHMI DRUMSTICK SAPLINGS (MORINGA)
BHAGYA LAKSHMI DRUMSTICK
- Yield starts in 6 months provided when proper pruning and training techniques are adapted. Supplementing balanced and timely nutrition is an important prerequisite for high yields of Moringa pods.
- Leaves can also be harvested since they are highly edible.
- In a single season, each tree can yield up to 50Kg with proper maintenance
- 10 ft x 10 ft or 12 ft x 12 ft
Moringa grows well in most soils without additions of fertilizer. Once established, the extensive and deep root system of Moringa is efficient in mining nutrients from the soil. For optimum growth and yields, fertilizers are applied at planting time. Dig trenches around the base of the plant (10–20 cm from the base) and apply approximately 300 g of a commercial nitrogen fertilizer per tree. If commercial nitrogen fertilizer is not available, use compost or well-rotted farmyard manure at the rate of 1–2 kg/tree.
At the 3rd month of planting 100g urea, 100g super Phosphate and 50gm Potash should be applied to each plant. After this, 100g urea should be applied once in 6 months.
Controlling pests and diseases:
Moringa is resistant to most pests and diseases, but outbreaks may occur under certain conditions. For example, Diplodia root rot may appear in waterlogged soils, causing severe wilting and death of plants. Mite populations can increase during dry and cool weather. These pests create yellowing of leaves, but plants usually recover during warm weather. Other insect pests include termites, aphids, leaf miners, whiteflies, and caterpillars.
Chemical control of insect pests should be used only when severe infestations occur. Choose a pesticide that targets the specific pest causing the damage, and avoid pesticides that kill or inhibit the development of beneficial organisms. Choose pesticides that last only a few days.
Cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats will eat Moringa seedlings, pods and leaves. Protect Moringa seedlings from livestock by installing a fence or by planting a hedge around the plot.
Moringa should be trimmed to promote branching, increase yields, and facilitate harvesting. If left to grow without cutting the main trunk, the fast-growing tree will grow straight and tall producing leaves and pods only on the primary stem. To encourage the development of many branches and pods within easy reach from the ground, prune the apical growing shoot when the tree is 1.0–2.0 m high. Use a sharp cutting knife, machete, or pruning saw to make smooth cuts. New shoots will emerge from just below where the cut is made. Thereafter, cut the growing tips of the branches so that the tree will become bushier. Another pruning strategy is to cut back each branch by 30 cm when it reaches 60 cm in length. This will produce a multi-branched shrub.
If the tree is being grown for pod production, remove flowers during the first year. This will channel all of the young tree’s energy into vegetative and root development (rather than energy-draining pods), leading to more vigorous growth and productive yields in the future.
Each tree gives 35kg of drumstick in 1 season. It yields well for 1 ½ year.
One acre can support 400 plants and they come to bear in 6 months from the second bearing each tree produces 100kg of fruit (i.e.,) 40.000 kg from 1 acre