Pesticides Classification and its role in Plant Protection
Pesticides are substances that are used for controlling, repelling, or killing certain forms of animal or plant life considered as pests. Pesticides also include herbicides that are used for destroying unwanted vegetation and weeds. Insecticides are used for controlling various insects. Whereas, fungicides are used for preventing the growth of mildew and molds. Pesticides can be classified into multiple groups depending on their properties, chemical and organic composition. Let us take a look at them to know more about pesticides.
Pesticide Classification by Properties
Chemical Pesticides have specific reagents in them, which help in protecting the crops from rodents, insects, and diseases. It also helps the plants in regulating their growth and killing the weed. Chemical Pesticides are used for controlling or eliminating a specific type of agricultural pests that can damage the livestock, crops, as well as reduce farm productivity.
Organic or Bio Pesticide
They are safer to use compared the chemical pesticides. Organic Insecticides are safe for animals, plants, and humans as well. They are made from naturally occurring substances like hydrogen peroxide, lime sulfur, and soaps. Biopesticides in agriculture are mostly used by professional vegetable and flower garden businesses that want their organic certification and also by home gardeners. Organic Insecticides ensure a better quality of the plants as they do not have any chemical components inside it.
Classification Based on Chemical Composition of Pesticides
Chemical Insecticides Chemical insecticide for plants is those toxic substances that are used for killing insects. They are primarily used for controlling the pests that infest the cultivated plants. They are also used for eliminating the disease-carrying insects and pests in specific areas. Most of them can penetrate by three pathways which include contact poisons, inhalation, and ingestion/ stomach poisons. Chemical Pesticides for Plants are the primary agents now for insect control. They are toxic to various ranges of species. Chemical Pesticides for Plants prevent cop losses, raises the quality of the produce, increases the crop yields as well as lowers the farming costs.
Chemical fungicide for plants is biocidal materials that prevent or kills the growth of fungi as well as their developmental spores. Chemical fungicides are used for controlling the harmful fungal infections of plants like blights, mildews, and rusts. The activity of a fungicide can be systematic or contact. It triggers the plant cell to produce some anti-fungal agents that would kill all the pathogenic fungi or disrupt the pathogenic fungi’s growing tips. It can also help the plant to develop resistance towards the fungal attack. They are available in suspendable concentrates, soluble powders, soluble liquids, and more.
Chemical Herbicides are Plant Protection Products that are used for killing unwanted plants like weeds and herbs. They kill or work on the weed by disruption or interruption of average plant growth or by inhibiting the growth. These Plant Protection Products help in disrupting the protein and amino acid synthesis of the weeds or herbs, finally killing them. Herbicides are classified as post-emergent or pre-emergent herbicides depending on the application time. They can also be divided into non-selective herbicides and graded and selective depending on their selectivity.
Chemical Bactericides are Pesticide Adjuvants and Surfactants which helps in killing bacteria. Bacteria are microscopic parasitic organisms that are highly destructive. They cause innumerable diseases to every living creature. Bacteria can cause crop losses to 70%. Chemical Bactericides targets the bacteria's growing spores to stop any further multiplication completely. These Pesticide Adjuvants and Surfactants work through contact mode of action.
Classification Based on organic or Bio Composition of Pesticides
Organic or bio Insecticides
Bio Insecticides and Pesticides manage and control insects in both natural and non-organic farming. They include various elements in them like azadirachtin products, pyrethrum, Azera, bt products, spinosad, oils, soaps, mineral dust, and plant extracts. Bio Insecticides and Pesticides are not harmful to the environment. They help in keeping the pests off naturally without harming the water, soil, plants, or animals in the vicinity. In addition to that, they also help in achieving healthier long-term results.
Organic or bio Fungicides
Organic fungicide for plants is made up of non-inorganic sources like organisms, animal origin, or plant origin. Various hyper parasites like bacteria and fungus are used as bio or organic fungicides. Fungi and bacteria of specific families are known for killing plant pathogenic fungi both on soil and the crops. Organic insecticide for plants is also known as biological agents that control fungal diseases. The fungicide kills the pathogenic fungi by releasing toxins.
Organic or bio Bactericides
Organic bactericides are used for killing the harmful bacteria in the plants and protecting them throughout the stages of growth. Most of them work on a contract basis. They get absorbed into the crops from where they travel to the apex to free the new tissues from the bacteria. This helps in reducing the probability of further growth of fungi and bacteria. Organic bactericides include organic substances like plants and animal remains. They also include Micronutrient Fertilizer Products. These Micronutrient Fertilizer Products helps the plants to grow healthy without any chemicals inside it.
Benefits of Pesticides
There are various benefits of using insecticides and pesticides in the field. Not only do they help in keeping the crops safe from any harmful agents, but they also offer various other benefits. Let us take a look at some of these benefits or use of pesticides right away.
1) Produce More
Farmers can produce bigger crops and plants on less land by using fertilizers and pesticides. They help in increasing productivity by 50 percent. Pesticides also help in maximizing the benefits of other agricultural tools like water resources, fertilizers, and high-quality seeds. They help in the production of high-quality fibres and food.
2) Conserve the Environment
Natural insecticide for plants allows thee, farmers, to produce extra crops within their area with minimum tillage. This helps in reducing deforestation, curbs soil erosion, and conserves natural resources. They are also essential for controlling noxious weeds and invasive species.
3) Helps the Farmers
Fertilizers and pesticides can combat pests while producing large quantities of food. This way, the farmer can increase their profit as they have more crops to sell. Pesticides also help the farmers to save their money on the labor costs. Moreover, it also saves their time which they would have invested in manually removing the pests and weeds from the fields.
Pesticides at Bighaat
This product is available in three sizes, 100, 250, and 500 grams. It is a second-generation neonicotinoid that is used for controlling soil and foliar pests in various crops at minimal use rates. It offers a wide range of application types like foliar sprays, seed treatments, and soil applications. It prevents the plants from various insects and pests like mealy bugs, anar butterfly, rice hispa, pod fly and more. The user can mix 100 gm of the insecticide with two hundred liters of water every acre.
ECONEEM PLUS - AZADIRACHTIN 10000 PPM – BIOPESTICIDE
Biopesticides in Agriculture are beneficial to use. This product is an organic neem-based biopesticide that has a blend of neem oil and 10,000 ppm Azadirachta. It helps in providing an effective and fast insecticidal action. It works against chewing and sucking pests like mites. As it is one of the best Biopesticides in Agriculture, it has been certified by IMO or Institute of Marketecology, Switzerland, and BIS. It can be used for various crops like cabbage, cumin, watermelon, tea, tomato, onion, grapes, cotton, and more.
It is a fifty wettable powder formulation of Atrazine. Atrazine is a Herbicide that belongs to the Triazine class. Srizone is a pre-emergence translocated herbicide that can be used for controlling broad-leaved weeds and annual grasses in guava, pineapple, banana, oil palm, grapevine, coffee, and more. It can also be applied to non-crop areas for killing weeds. The site of action for this product is photosynthesis inhibitor. The buyer has to use 400-800 gm of the product for every acre.
This product is available in 50, 100, 250, and 500 grams. It is a free-flowing, stable, and fine powder which is fully soluble in water. It caters to a broad spectrum that helps in controlling the bacterial diseases in plants. It contains tetracycline hydrochloride, streptomycin sulfate, and tetracycline hydrochloride. It also contains various other adjuvants for better penetration and absorption of antibiotics.
Pesticides are highly crucial for the growth of healthy and right-sized plants. With the advancement of science, there are various types of pesticides which cater to specific requires. BigHaat is the best e-commerce platform where you can get multiple types of plant protection products like biological insecticides, agriculture pesticides, and more. They home different top brands which would ensure that your crops are in safe hands. Apart from selling plant protection products, they also offer nutrition products, seeds, farm machinery, and more. If you still have not checked out their website, do that right away.