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- Knowledge Blogs from BigHaat Experts

Viral diseases in plants and its control

Posted by BigHaat India on

Plant viruses are type of viruses that specifically invade plants. Viruses are obligate parasites that require a living host for their growth and multiplication. Viruses enter the plant cell through plasmodesmata and to various plant parts by the phloem. Plant Viruses are made up of two components a protein coat and the nucleic acid center. The nucleic acid is the major infectious component of a virus, once the virus enters the plant cell they shed their protein coat and multiplies by itself. Plants and humans do not transmit viruses to each other, but through physical contact human can spread plant virus infection. Viruses may also...

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Organic Farming in India

Posted by BigHaat India on

Nature is the best teacher for farming. Whenever we hear about organic farming, the roots go back to India and China where farming sustained for more than 4000 years. Organic farming is a method of cultivating the land and growing crops in such a way to keep the health of the soil intact and keep the soil micro organisms alive by using organic waste materials like cattle waste, agricultural waste, aquatic waste etc. This also ensures use of beneficial micro organisms (Bio fertilizers) which makes soil and atmospheric nutrients available to the crops for increased crop production for an eco-friendly...

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POLYHOUSE CULTIVATION

Posted by BigHaat India on

Polyhouse/Greenhouse cultivation is a cultivation of crops under complete controlled enviromental conditions like temperature, humidity, fertilizers etc with the automated system. It is estimated that  we can earn approximately 6-7 lakhs per acre net profit in a year by following proper polyhouse cultivation practices. Generally Cucumber, Summer squash, Brinjal, Tomato, Bell pepper and horticulture cut flowers like Rose, Gerbera etc are cultivated in polyhouse condition. As the crops grown in open field are exposed to varied environmental conditions like attack of insects pests and diseases, poly houses provides more stable and suitable environment for the crops.     Based on environmental control system, polyhouses...

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TURMERIC-package of practices

Posted by BigHaat India on

B.N: Curcuma domestica and C. aromatica Family: Zingiberaceae Climate:Turmeric is a tropical crop, requiring warm and humid climate. Temperature ranges from 21°C to 34°C. Growth ceases when, temperature falls below 20°C, and hence early-planted turmeric gives good yield. Thrives well in localities with annual rainfall from 70 - 225 cm. It can be grown at an altitude of 1200 m.   Soil:A friable well drained red loamy soil in wet or garden lands under tropical conditions with a pH range of 4.5-7.5 with good organic status is ideal. In Guntur and Krishna districts of AP, turmeric can be grown with...

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COFFEE DISEASE AND PEST MANAGEMENT - INDIA

Posted by BigHaat India on

Coffee is one of the major plantation crops mainly grown in southern states (Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu) and to a small extent in northeastern states of India. Two commercially important species of coffee viz., arabica coffee ( Coffea Arabica )and robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) are grown almost in equal ratio in about 292,000 ha in India. India produces about 282,000 tonnes of coffee annually and southern states of India contribute about 98% of the total production. Coffee is an important export commodity earns about US$200million foreign exchange annually. Coffee plantations provide a congenial habitat to various valuable species of...

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