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Agri Knowledge Blogs

Onion cultivation Guide

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

       Onion Allium cepa belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. Onion is a bulbous plant with the bulbs and leaves are semi-cylindrical or tubular with waxy coating on the surface. Onion Growing season and Planting time: Onion in India is cultivated by farmers of almost all states as both Kharif and rabi crop synched with geographical location and weather based.   Soil requirements Almost all soils such as heavy soil, clayey soil, sandy loam, etc are suitable for onion growing. Red to black loamy soil with good drainage is best suited and ideal. Soil must be friable with lots...

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Hot pepper / Chilli [CAPSICUM ANNUM] , DISEASES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

        Chilli Capsicum annuum L. is the most widely cultivated species all over the world for its pungent fruits. Chilli is cultivated for both green and red and also called as hot pepper. Chilli crop belongs to solanaceous family and is vulnerable to some of the diseases which are caused by infectious bacteria, fungi and deadly viruses. Important diseases are discussed with their management startegies. 1. Damping off        Damping off disease is caused by infections and as well as more moisture and less moisture. More moisture also supports fungal and other pathogen. Both pre-emergent and post...

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Hot pepper / Chilli [CAPSICUM ANNUM] , PESTS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

        Chilli or hot pepper crop [CAPSICUM ANNUM] is one of the highly commercial crops in India and like other crops is vulnerable of many insects. All classes of insects like sucking insects, leaf, flower & fruit feeders, mites, root grubs as well as root knot nematodes. These pests cause much for the crop yields.       1. Thrips [SCIRTOTHRIPS DORSALIS] Thrips are the sucking type of insects which infests the chill crops. The young tender leaves are sucked for the sap and results curling and folding upwards making leaves boat like appearance the leaves turn yellowish...

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Chilli [Hot Pepper] crop cultivation Practices: Fertigation Schedule

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

Fertigation schedule for chilli /Hot Pepper      Chilli crop is cultivated under both flood irrigation methods as well as drip irrigation methods. The use of mulch paper is also done by many of the chilli growing farmers. Once the mulch paper is applied split applications of nutrients to the crop is not possible. Hence farmers use water soluble fertilizers in the drip irrigation to supplement the required nutrients for the chilli crop.      The supplementing the nutrients in the drip irrigation is based on the growth stages of the crop. So the nutrient grades are to be planned...

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GROWING & NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR CHILLI/HOT PEPPER [CAPSICUM ANNUUM]

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

   Chilli is one of the most valuable crops of India. It is grown almost throughout the country. These fruits are small in size and known for their sharp acidic flavour and colour. Currently, chillies are used throughout the world as a spice and also in the making of beverages and medicines.       If some varieties of chillies are famous for red colour because of the pigment ‘capsanthin,’ others are known for biting pungency attributed to ‘capsian.’ Soil and Climate: The chilli is a plant of tropical and sub -tropical region, it grows well in warm and humid...

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