Agriculture farming is the occupation of almost 60 percent of the Indian population. Agriculture as whole consists of different enterprises linked one with the other. Sericulture, cultivation of grain crops, fruits, vegetables, fruits, oil seeds, dairy farming, fisheries, apiaries, poultry, rearing of small ruminants etc.
In case of agriculture crops weather, climate and seasons classifies the cultivation time in the year. Based on the season the crops are categorised to three classes.
Khariff, Rabi and Zaid [Summer] Crops
Khariff crops -
- Khariff crops cultivation/season starts from June and harvesting will be at September – October
- Monsoons rains are synched with this Khariff crops
- Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Bajra, Maize, Cotton, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Pulses
Rabi crops and
- Rabi crops are cultivated in October – November – December and will be harvested by march- April and May
- Wheat, Pea, Oats, Barley, Potato, Onion, Oil seeds [Rapeseed, Sesame, Sunflower, Mustard etc]
Zaid crops or Summer crops
- Zaid crops are the crops grown from March to June. Mostly hybrid crops are grown in this season.
- All the crops need to be feeded with irrigation.
- Mostly vegetable crops and hybrid cereals are grown in this season.
- These crops require warm dry weather for vegetative growth and longer day’s length for reproductive growth.
- The crop duration may be may be shorter of longer.
- Hybrid bhendi,
- moong dal,
- Bitter gourd,
- Hybrid Brinjal
K SANJEEVA REDDY,
Senior Agronomist, BigHaat.
Disclaimer: The performance of the product (s) is subject to usage as per manufacturer guidelines. Read enclosed leaflet of the product(s) carefully before use. The use of this product(s)/ information is at the discretion of user.
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