In India the flowering in mango crop is usually from October to January based on topography, varieties and climatic conditions.
During the flowering stage the flowers are vulnerable to peats and diseases. Since flowering is at cooler climates, the powdery mildew disease is most common, anthracnose is another disease which affects mango flowers and fruit lets. Anthracnose disease is visible at post-harvest stage if not managed at flowering stage.
Mango inflorescence is sweet, and to suck the sweet from inflorescence twigs, and to eat the branches some of the pests also attacks the mango flowers. Sucking pests like mango hoppers, sometime thrips and aphids also attacks.
Sooty mold due to mango hoppers damage
These pests are severe at flower setting and developmental stages. Fruit flies are also important damaging pest of mango before ripening stage.
Stone weevil or seed weevil, will not eat pulp but get inside and eats seed part, but reduces the fruit aesthetic value.
Following sprays may be administered to manage all the diseases and pests at flowering stage.
First spray: Before Flowering
Second spray: During Flowering
Third spray: After Flowering
Fourth spray: During fruit development
Fruit fly traps can be installed at fruit stage to bring down the fruit fly infestation on mango fruits.
K SANJEEVA REDDY,
Senior Agronomist, BigHaat.
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