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Managing Yellow vein Mosaic virus on Bhendi [Okra or Bhindi Crop] Crop

Posted by BigHaat India on

                                  Bhindi or Okra Viral Infection

Okra or Bhindi or Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) is regular vegetable grown in India and it belongs to genus Abelmoschus and its family is Malvaceae. It is also called as ladyfinger.                                                                                                     Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi fruits or Lady Finger

Like other crops okra crop is also attacked by various pathogens Viruses, bacteria, fungi, mycoplasmas, nematode and insects. Some of most important diseases are Damping off, Fusarium wilt, Powdery mildew, Cercospora leaf spot, Leaf curl virus and Bhindi Yellow Vein Mosaic virus.

Powdery mildew disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop Cercospora disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi cropFusarium Wilt on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop

Yellow vein mosaic of bhindi or vein clearing of bhindi is the most devastating disease in all the bhindi growing regions of India.

                                          Yellow vein Mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop

Up to 80% of crop loss is expected if the crop is infected at early stages.

Symptoms of the disease

  1. The characteristic symptoms of the disease are chlorotic yellow veins and as disease progresses severity entire leaf become chlorotic.

Yellow vein mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop plants

2. Infected plants exhibit stunted growth and bear very deformed and small, yellow green fruits.

   Yellow vein Mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi fruits and stalks

3. Initial infections is distortion of leaf stalks and stem.

Yellow vein Mosaic virus Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop young parts

4. Begamo virus is the causal organism and transmitted by white fly Bemisia tabaci.

White fly which spread yellow vein mosaic disease Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop

The occurrence and infestation of white flies are more severe in summer months and Yellow vein mosaic viral infections is also high.

    Management measures

    • The vectors which spreads Begamo or yellow vein mosaic virus need to be controlled
    • Ammoniacal nitrogen has also positive advantage for viral infections so take care of ammoniacal nitrogen application.
    • Removing and destroying disease affected plants from crop fields to avoid secondary spread.
    • To destroy the host weeds such as croton.
    • Crop rotation.
    • Use seeds collected from disease free plants.

    Spray combinations for effective control

    1. First Spray :

    Blitox 2gm/L + Plantomycin 0.5 gm/L + Magnum Mn   0.5 gm/L + Ahaar 2 mL/L

     Spray to manage Yellow vein mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop1

    1. Second Spray after 7 – 8 days

    Asataf 2 gm/ L + Kavach 2 gm/L + Magnum Mn 0.5 gm/L + Econeem plus  1% -  1 mL/L + Ampoxcilin 1 gm/L

     Spray to manage Yellow vein mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop2

    1. Third Spray after 7 – 8 days

    Anant 0.5 gm/L + Magnum Mn 0.5 gm/L + Econeem plus 1 % - 1 mL/L + Avtar 2 gm/L

     Spray to manage Yellow vein mosaic Disease on Bhindi or Okra or Bhendi crop3

    K SANJEEVA REDDY,

    Senior Agronomist, BigHaat.

     

    Disclaimer: The performance of the product (s) is subject to usage as per manufacturer guidelines. Read enclosed leaflet of the product(s) carefully before use. The use of this product(s)/ information is at the discretion of user.


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