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Good Agricultural Practices of Bhindi/Bhendi crop

Posted by BigHaat India on

Good Agricultural Practices of Bhindi/Bhendi crop

 The Bhindi/Bhendi is also known as okra is one of the most important commercial vegetables grown throughout India for its immature fruits which are generally cooked as vegetable.

Climate

The bhindi is warm season vegetable crop and requires a long warm and humid growing period. It is sensitive to frost and extremely low temperature. For normal growth and development temperature between 240C to 280C is preferred. For seed germination optimum soil moisture and a temperature between 25 0C to 35 0C is needed. There are three main planting seasons for bhindi i.e. February-March, June-July and October-November.                                                              

Soil

It is grown on sandy to clay soils but due to its well developed tap root system relatively light well drained and rich organic matter soil is ideal. The ideal pH for growth of plant is 6 - 6.8. Alkaline saline soil and poor drainage soils are not good for this crop.

Spacing: Bhindi seeds to be spaces at the distance of 0.75 ft x 0.75 ft or 0.75 ft x 1 ft or 1 ft x 1 ft

Varieties

Varieties suitable for the state should be grown.  Some of the familiar varieties grown in India are Shakthi, Samrat, Singham, Mahy- 10, Mona, Venus plus etc. The following link can be clicked to view the products.

https://www.bighaat.com/collections/seeds/product_bhendi

 Bhendi Varieties

Seed treatment with some protective agents may still help better germination, good survivability and also better yields. For chemical treatment seeds can be soaked in Ridomet 0.5 gm/L + Plantomycin 0.5 gm/L + Humic Acid[ V-Hume] 5 mL/L [mixture before sowing].

 https://www.bighaat.com/products/gibrax-sp186-growth-regulator + https://www.bighaat.com/products/plantomycin-bactericide-aries-agro + https://www.bighaat.com/products/v-hume-plant-nutrient 

 Seed treatment

Manures and fertilizers:

Prepare the main field by ploughing and harrowing and add 8 to 10 tonnes per acre Farmyard manure or compost is applied at the time of field preparation. Apply well rotten farm yard manure / compost @ 8 -10 t/acre, 200 -250 kg Bio organic Manure + 10 kg Humic acids granules [Ecohume Gr] https://www.bighaat.com/products/ecohume-gr-bioactive-humic-substances-1-5-granules

Granules

 Recommended doses of nutrients

Major Nutrients  N  50 kg; P 30 kg and K 35 kg/acre.

Combination 1

kg

Urea (46 % N)

83.2

DAP (18 % N; 46 % P2O5)

65.2

MOP (60 % K2O)

58.3

 

 

Combination 2

kg

10:26:26'

115.4

Urea (46 % N)

83.6

SSP (16 % P2O5)

0.0

MOP (60 % K2O)

8.3

 

 

Combination 3

kg

20:20:00'

150.0

Urea (46 % N)

43.5

SSP (16 % P2O5)

0.0

MOP (60 % K2O)

58.3

 Secondary Nutrients [Soil Conditioners] 50 kg/acre[ products containing Calcium, Magnesium and Sulphur nutrients]

Micronutrients [Micronutrient Mixtures] 5- 10 kg per acre Aries multi micronutrient fertilizer

https://www.bighaat.com/products/aries-agromin-micro-nutrient-fertilizer

MN

Plant protection:  Foliar application (Sprays)

1st  Spray3 weeks after sowing

Mancozeb [Dithane M-45] 2 g/L + Imidachloprid (Confidor 0.5 mL/L) + Ahaar 2 mL/L + Econeem plus 1%-  1 mL/L

https://www.bighaat.com/products/dithane-fungicide  OR https://www.bighaat.com/products/confidor   + https://www.bighaat.com/products/ahaar-plant-nutrient  +

https://www.bighaat.com/products/econeem-plus-azadirachtin-10000-ppm-biopesticide

1 spary

2nd  Spray6 weeks after sowing

Metalaxyl + Mancozeb [Ridomil gold] – 2 g/litre + Triazhophos [Trifos]  2 ml/litre + V -Zyme – 2 mL/L + Wetting agent [Raccold Spraywell] 1 mL/litre.

https://www.bighaat.com/products/ridomill-gold-fungicide  + https://www.bighaat.com/products/trifos-40-insecticide  + https://www.bighaat.com/products/v-zyme-plant-nutrient  + https://www.bighaat.com/products/econeem-plus-azadirachtin-10000-ppm-biopesticide

2 spray

 3rd Spray –10th  week after sowing

Acetamiprid [Pyramid] 0.5 g/litre + Chlorothalonil [Kavach] 2 gm/L + Micronutrient mixture [Nutribulid Mix] -1g/L + Econeem plus 1%-  1 mL/L

https://www.bighaat.com/products/pyramid-insecticide   + https://www.bighaat.com/products/kavach-fungicide + https://www.bighaat.com/products/dow-nutribuild-mix-edta-12-chelate-250-gms +https://www.bighaat.com/products/dow-spraywell-surfactant-adjuvant

3 spray

Stage VI Weed management:

Apply paraquat dichloride [PARALAC or GRAMOXONE] 6 gm/L or Glyphosate [Round up] 12-15 mL / L. and spray on post growth of weeds at 2 weeks before sowing of Bhindi. Hand weeding is the best to manage weeds in grown up crop no selective herbicides are available.

https://www.bighaat.com/products/gramoxone-herbicide or https://www.bighaat.com/products/roundup-herbicide

Weedicide

The beds or ridges are required to be kept weed free in the early stages before vine growth start. Weeding and earthing up are done at the time of top dressing of split application of nitrogenous fertilizers.

 K SANJEEVA REDDY,

Senior Agronomist, BigHaat.

Disclaimer: The performance of the product (s) is subject to usage as per manufacturer guidelines. Read enclosed leaflet of the product(s) carefully before use. The use of this product(s)/ information is at the discretion of user.

 


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