Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out

Use Coupon code BHNEW2 to get 2% discount on your First Order. CASH ON Delivery(COD) IS NOW AVAILABLE ACROSS INDIA. FREE SHIPPING ON ORDERS OVER RS. 899
Agricultural Machinery Menu
0

Best Cultivation Practices of Marigold Flower crop

Posted by BigHaat India on

                                        Yellow Marigold flower

Marigold is one of the most commonly grown flowers for garden decoration and extensively used as loose flowers for making garlands for religious and social functions. African Marigolds [Tagetes erecta] and French Marigolds [Tagetes patula] are common types commercially cultivated. Marigolds are ideal for making garlands. The demand for Marigold flowers during Dussehra and Diwali is very high.              

 African Marigold flowers French Marigold flowers

Soil and Climate

The soil is deep fertile friable having good water holding capacity well drained and near to neutral in pH 7.0-7.5 is most desirable. They can grow in almost all seasons except in very cold weather, as they are susceptible to frost. Marigolds require mild climate of luxuriant growth and profuse flowering. For seeds germination optimum temperature ranges 18C to 30C. Planting is carried out during rainy season winter and summer season hence flowers of marigold can be had almost throughout the year.

 

Seeds and Propagation

Marigold is propagated through seeds. Yellow and orange coloured varieties are usually cultivated in the states of India.

                                      marigold Varieties

Varieties:

Spacing maintenance and no. of plants per acre: 8500 - 10000 (2 ft x 2 ft OR 2 .5 ft)

Sowing Time

Season

Sowing time

Transplanting time

Rainy

End of June to 1st week of July

First fortnight of August

Winter

Mid of September

Mid of October

Summer

First week of January (under glass house or plastic)

First week of February

 

Seedlings are grown before one months of transplanting. 28-35 days old saplings are transplanted in the main field. Healthy quality seedlings can be procured from scientifically maintained nurseries. For healthy seedlings and saplings you can contact BigHaat.

Nursery Management

Seeds are pre sown in coco peat like nursery manure in controlled conditions called sapling nurseries. Saplings are raised in nurseries to protect them from adverse climatic conditions, pests, diseases and avoid spread of deadly viral diseases. Uniform growth is also ensured when saplings or seedlings are raised in controlled conditions. Healthy sturdy saplings can be produced in nurseries.

Transplanting:

The transplanting is done in small flat beds or in shallow furrow depending upon the availability of irrigation. In heavy soil it is usually transplanted on ridges and during the rains also it is advantageous to plant the seedlings on ridges. For indeterminate varieties/hybrids, the seedlings have to be staked using supporting sticks.

 Before transplanting during land preparation soil application

Farm yard manure / compost @ 10-12 ton/acre, 210-240 kg Annapurna, 10 kg Multiplex Srushti, 10 kg of Ecohume Granules 5-10 kg and 5 kg CALDAN granules to control White Grubs. 

Bio organic Manure for Marigold basal Application  Micronutrients for Marigold basal Application Root growth promoter for Marigold basal Application  Neamtode and Soil borne pests control Marigold basal Application

Below specified dosages of fertilisers should be provided in 3 equal splits at 45 days interval. one before transplanting second after 45 days first application and third 45 days after second application.

Recommended dose of Fertilizer Application: NPK – 75:50:50 kg/ per acre

 

Major Nutrients

 

Combination 1

kg

Combination 2

kg

Combination 3

kg

Urea (46 % N)

120.5

10:26:26'

192.3

20:20:00'

250.0

DAP (18 % N; 46 % P2O5)

108.7

Urea (46 % N)

121.2

Urea (46 % N)

54.3

MOP (60 % K2O)

83.3

MOP (60 % K2O)

0.0

MOP (60 % K2O)

83.3

 

Special Culture Practice:

Pinching:

Three weeks after transplanting earthing up is done and then one week after earthing up or 1 month after transplanting the seedlings, pinching is followed for bushy growth of the plant and development of lateral branches. Pinching results into production of more number of flowers.

 

Irrigation: Constant moisture supply be maintained from bud formation to harvesting of flowers.

Plant protection:  

  1. Damping off disease is more common in Marigold plants. After transplanting the seedlings to main field usually after 2 days of transplanting stem and root drenching will protect and control the stem rot or collar rot disease. 

                                 

Drench with Ridomet 0.75 gm/L + Humesol 3 mL/L+ Plantomycin 0.5 gm/L

              Controlling Damping off disease in Marigold

  1. Foliar application (Sprays)

1st Spray – 15 to 20 days after transplantation

Insects: Thrips, plant hoppers, Serpentine leaf miners: Diseases: leaf spot, damping off

Dithane M-45 [Mancozeb] 2 g/litre+ Anant [Thiomethoxam] 0.5 g/litre + Kranti [All nutrient mixture] 1.5 mL/litre + Raccolto Spraywell [Wetting agent] 1 mL/litre.

First Spray for Marigold crop

2nd Spray – 35 to 40 days after transplantation

Insects: Thrips, plant hoppers, Serpentine leaf miner, leaf eating caterpillars, aphids, white flies: Diseases: leaf spot, damping off, early blight, powdery mildew

Econeem plus [Azadirachtin 1 %] 1 mL /litre +Jashn [Quinolphos 2 mL /litre + Saaf [Carbendazim + Mancozeb] 2 g/litre +  Ampoxcillin [Micronutrient mixture] – 1 g/litre

Second Spray for Marigold crop

3rd spray - 55to 60 days after transplantation

Insects: Thrips, plant hoppers, Serpentine leaf miner, leaf and flower eating caterpillars, aphids, white flies, root knot nematodes: Diseases: leaf spot, damping off, early blight, powdery mildew, black mold, late blight*,yellow mosaic, leaf curl, TOSPOW Virus

Optimus [Amino acid mixture] 2 mL /litre + M6 [20 % Boron] 1 g/litre + Ridomil gold 80 WP [Metalaxyl + Mancozeb] – 2 g/litre +  Phoskill [Monocrotophos] 2 mL /litre + + Raccolto Spraywell [Wetting agent] 1 mL/litre.

Third Spray for Marigold crop

4th Spray – 75 to 80 days after transplantation

Insects: Thrips, plant hoppers, Serpentine leaf miner, leaf and flower eating caterpillars, aphids, white flies, root knot nematodes: Diseases: leaf spot, damping off, early blight, powdery mildew, black mold, late blight*,yellow mosaic, leaf curl, TOSPOW Virus

Calcium Nitarte [ ALSACH] 3 gm/L +  Marshall [Carbosulfan] 2ml/litre  + Avtar  [Zineb + Hexaconazol] 2 g/litre + + Raccolto Spraywell [Wetting agent] 1 mL/litre.

Fourth Spray for Marigold crop

5th spray – 95 to 100 days after transplantation

Insects: Thrips, plant hoppers, Serpentine leaf miner, leaf and flower eating caterpillars, aphids, white flies, root knot nematodes: Diseases: leaf spot, damping off, early blight, powdery mildew, black mold, late blight*,yellow mosaic, leaf curl, TOSPOW Virus

Potassium Nitrate [ALSACH] 4 gm/L+ Tata Reeva 5 [Lambdacyhalothrin] 2 mL/litre + Kavach or Splash [Chlorothalonil] 2 gm/L + + Raccolto Spraywell [Wetting agent] 1 mL/litre.

Fifth Spray for Marigold crop

Note:

For control of white flies

Prime gold [Acetamiprid] 0.5 gm/L OR Odis [Buprofezin 15% + Acephate 35% WP] 2 gm/L

                            White flies control in Marigold1        OR  White flies control in Marigolds

For control Leaf miners

Trifos [Triazhophos] 2 mL/L or Benevia [Cyantraniliprole] 1 mL/L

                             Leaf miners control in Marigold        OR      Leaf miners control in Marigolds

For control Sucking pests [ Thrips, Aphids , Green leaf hoppers, Jassids]

Confidor Super [Imidachloprid 30.5 %] 0.3 mL/L OR Hunk [Acephate]) 2 g/litre OR Tracer [Spinosad 480 SC] 0.375 mL/L

                        Sucking pests control in Marigold

For control of leaf, flower feeder and flower borer

Coragen [Chlorantraniliprole] or 0.33 mL/L  OR Plethora [Novaluron 5.25% + Indoxacarb] 1 mL/L

                      Leaf eaters/feeders control in Marigold.jpg

For control of Red Spider mites

 Magister [Fenazaquin] 2 ml/litre OR   Colonel [Dicofol] + Multiplex Kranti 2 mL/L

                         Mites control in Marigold

For control of Nematodes in infested standing crops

 

  1. Drenching for individual plants 100 to 150 mL of following mixtures at 15 days interval

                              Nematodes control in Marigold

  1. Through drip irrigation in 500 L of following mixtures at 15 days interval

                             Nematodes control in Marigolds

Apply neem cake @ 450 to 500 kg/acre and 5 – 10 k g CALDAN per acre during basal application.

                                          Granules for Nematode control in Marigolds

 For control fungal leaf spot, stem rot and Anthracnose

Dithane M -45 [Mancozeb ] 2 gm/ L or  Sanipeb [Propineb] 2 gm/L OR  Bengard [Carbendazim] 2 gm/ L  OR Ridomil gold 80 WP [Metalaxyl + Mancozeb] OR Avtar [Zineb 68% + Hexaconazol 4% WP] 2 g/litre OR Blitox [Copper Oxy Chloride] 2 g/litre or Kocide [Copper hydroxide] – 2 g/litre

 Fungal diseases control in Marigolds

For control of Downy mildew

Ridomil gold 80 WP [Metalaxyl + Mancozeb] OR Kavach [Chlorothalonil] 2 gm/L OR Kocide [Copper hydroxide] – 2 g/litre + Phytoalexin 4 ml/litre.

 Control of Downy mildew disease contol in Marigolds

For control Powdery mildew

Nativo [Tebuconazole+Trifloxystrobin] 0.5 gm/L OR Vespa [Propiconazole+ Difenoconazole1 mL/L OR Custodia [Azoxystrobin + Tebuconazole] 1 mL/L OR Contaf plus [Hexaconazole] 2 mL/L

 Powdery mildew disease contol in Marigolds

For control bacterial leaf spot

Kavach [Chlorothalonil] 2 gm/L OR Kocide [Copper hydroxide] – 2 g/litre + Plantomycin 0.5 gm/L.

 Control of Bacterial diseases in Marigolds.jpg

Several biological agents can be used to control the fungal and bacterial diseases like

 

  • Ecoderma or Nisarga [TRICHODERMA VIRIDE] and Ecomonas PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS 10 to 15 gm/L for spray and 20-25 gm per litres for drenching to control wilts.

                             Biological Agents for disease control in Marigolds

                                       and      Biological Agents for disease control in Marigolds

 

K SANJEEVA REDDY,

Senior Agronomist, BigHaat.

 

Disclaimer: The performance of the product (s) is subject to usage as per manufacturer guidelines. Read enclosed leaflet of the product(s) carefully before use. The use of this product(s)/ information is at the discretion of user.


Share this post



← Older Post Newer Post →


Leave a comment