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MARIGOLD CULTIVATION TIPS

Posted by Sanjeeva Reddy on

Marigold Flower is one of the famous flowers belongs to "compositae" family and cultivated. Marigolds are hardy and annual plants. Famous marigold verities in India are deep organge, benz tall yellow, jet yellow, bunny orange, vanilla white and 27 Dwarf.

BASAL DOSE

  • 50 Kg 24:24:00 (Early availability)
  • 50 Kg DAP (Medium Availability)
  • 50 kg 10:26:26 (Late Availability)
  • 50 kg Urea (Use only If dwarf varieties are used like Yellow Magic & INCA Series)
  • 50 kg Secondary Nutrients (CA, MG & S)
  • 10 kg Micronutrient
  • 100 kg Neem Cake

The first three fertilizers are used for proper plant nutrition up to 35 days.

SPACING: Two Side Plantation

  • General Method: 4 X 2 feet ( 10900 plants/Acre)
  • Best Method: 6 X 2 feet (7200 plants/Acre)

In 6 X 2 spacing method flower quality will be good, long harvesting duration & less disease & pest infestation due to better aeration than 4 X 2 spacing method.

SEEDLING PREPARATION:

  • Use 104 hole trays for sowing
  • 25 kg cocopit bag is sufficient for preparing 2000 seedlings
  • After sowing watering should be done by mixing 10 gm COC per 10 liter water, it avoids damping off & other soil borne diseases.

BED PREPARATION:

  • One ploughing and two harrowing should be done to bring soils to fine tilt.
  • Apply 10 tonns of Compost before last harrowing.
  • Basal dose should be given before preparation of Beds.
  • Apply thimate 2 kg per acre after transplanting in order to avoid the attack of cutworms.

TRANSPLANTING:

  • Generally seedlings will be ready for transplanting within 18 to 20 days.
  • Transplanting should be done in Zig Zag method to avoid competition for nutrition & for better aeration.
  • Drenching should be done with ALLETE on 5th day @ 450 gm per acre to avoid pythium & phytopthora
  • Drenching with Chloropyriphos 20% @ 500 ml per acre, if incidence of Cut Worm occurs. 

FERTIGATION:

SR.NO

DAYS AFTER TRANSPLANTING

FERTILIZER

REMARK

1

8 to 36 days

19:19:19 @ 3kg/Acre

Alternate day

2

From 38 days

12:61:00@ 3kg/Acre

12:61:00 & 13:40:13 should be applied

3

To END

13:40:13@ 3kg/Acre

Alternately. Never use daily fertigation in Marigold

4

26th, 40th, 55th & 70th day

4 kg/Acre

It avoids violet leaf problem.

 

MAJOR PEST & DISEASES:

Sr.No

PEST & DISEASE

CHEMICALS

1

Leaf miner

Trizhophos, Omite, Nagata, Abamectin

2

Red Mites

Omite, Megistar, Mitigate, Sulphur, Karathane, Oberon, Abamectin

3

Hairy Caterpillar

Lannate, Takumi, Coragen, Larvin, Profex.

4

Sucking Pests

Acephate, Imidacloprid, Acetamaprid, Sumiprint, Solomon

5

Root Rot

ALLETE, Ridomil, COC, Curzate, Roko,

6

Leaf Spot

M 45, Saaf, Chlorothalonil

7

Powdery Mildew

Contaf, Tilt, Sulphur, Systhane, Taquat, Bayleton, Nativo, Amistar

 

YIELD DETAILS:

  1. First picking initiates after 45 days
  2. Under medium management yield per plant is around 1.5 to 2 kg
  3. One crate weight will be around 12 kg
  4. Picking will be carried on every fourth day.
  5. Under good management pickings will be above 15 to 16 means, the pickings will continue for 2 to 2.5 months.
  6. Generally we observed per plant yield varies from variety to variety. In Arrow Gold (East West) yield will be around 1.5 to 2 kg, Gold Spot 2 (Indus) 2 kg & in Yellow Magic yield will be 1.25 to 1.5 kg.

YIELD:

8 to 10 tonns per Acre

TIPS:

  1. Spray Silicon @ 1gm per liter, if flower shining is dull.
  2. Use Zinc 500 gm per acre after every 15 days for better metabolism.
  3. Use Boran 400 gm per acre or spray with 20% Boran @ 1 gm/lit to avoid calyx cracking & for better flower compactness.
  4. For better & uniform flower initiation spray with GA @ 10 PPM.

Visit to buy best hybrid marigold seeds from all leading brands:

https://www.bighaat.com/collections/marigolds


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  • General Method: 4 X 2 feet (10900 plants/Acre)= 5445plants per acre
    Best Method: 6 X 2 feet (7200 plants/Acre)=3630 plants per acre
    above calculation how you calculate

    ramakanta on

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