Bitter Gourd is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. There are many varieties that differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit. Bitter Gourd thrives in hot and humid climates, so are commonly found in Asian countries and South America.
Bitter Gourds are very low in calories but dense with precious nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins Bl. B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folk acid, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. t is rich in iron, contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of spinach, and twice the potassium of a banana.
Few other fruits/vegetables offer medicinal properties like bitter gourd does. It helps in ailments such as Blood disorders, Cholera, Diabetes mellitus, Eye problems, Piles, Psoriasis, Respiratory disorders, and also acts as an immune booster.
Bitter gourd is generally consumed cooked in the green or inthe early yellowing stage. The young shoots and leaves of the bitter gourd may also be eaten as greens. Bitter Gourd is often used in Chinese cooking for its bitterflavor, typically instir-fries soups, and also as tea